Justicia adhatoda L.
Synonym : Adhatoda vasica Nees
Family : Acanthaceae
Local Names : Aadalodakam, Vasa, Vasaka, Malabar nut
Flowering and fruiting period: Throughout the year
Habitat: In the plains, often planted
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: The plant has been used in India as folk medicine for over 200 years. The decoction of the leaves, flowers, fruits and roots are used for treating cold, cough, whooping cough, chronic bronchitis and asthma. Studies have also shown the plant to be effective in the treatment of dyspepsia and pyorrhea.
Key Characters: Evergreen, much-branched perennial shrubs with a strong, odour. Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic-lanceolate, margins entire. Flowers in compact, axillary, pedunculate spikes. Calyx lobes oblong-lanceolate, 3-nerved. Corolla white with red or yellow-barred throats. Stamens 2, anther cells not tailed; filaments hary at the base. Ovary pubescent; ovules 2 in each cell;. Fruits (capsules) clavate, longitudinally channelled; seeds globular, glabrous.