Mangifera indica L.
Synonym : Mangifera austroyunnanensis Hu.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Local Names : Maavu, Mango tree, Cuckoo’s joy
Flowering and fruiting period: January – May
Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests and also widely cultivated
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Fruits edible, young leaves edible, essential oil yielding, timber yielding. The leaves are astringent and odontalgic. An infusion is drunk to reduce blood pressure and as a treatment for conditions such as angina, asthma
Key Characters Mango trees are evergreen trees with bark dark grey. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets, linear-oblong, margin entire. Flowers polygamous, yellowish-green, in terminal panicles. Calyx 4-5, ovate, imbricate. Petals 4-5, oblong. Stamens 4-5. Ovary sessile, superior, ovule pendulous. Fruit a drupe, yellowish-red, mesocarp fleshy, endocarp fibrous.