Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq.
Synonym : Cedrela mahagoni L.
Family : Meliaceae
Local Names : Mahogany, West Indian mahogany
Flowering and fruiting period: April – November
Distribution: Native of West Indies and Central America
Habitat: Grown as avenue tree
IUCN status: Endangered
Uses: Timber yielding. The bark is astringent, bitter and febrifuge. An infusion is used to treat diarrhoea and fevers
Key Characters: Trees to 25 m tall; bark deeply fissured. Leaves alternate; leaflets oblong-lanceolate, entire at margin. Calyx lobes 5, ovate, pubescent. Petals 5, obovate, hooded, cream-yellow. Staminal tube cupular, 10-lobed; anthers 10, included, alternating with lobes. Ovary 5-loculed; style narrow. Capsules oblong; seeds winged.