Delonix regia (Hook.) Rafin.
Synonym : Poinciana regia Hook.
Family : Caesalpinioideae
Local Names : Poomaram, Gulmohar, Royal Poinciana, Flame tree
Flowering and fruiting period: February – July
Distribution: Native of Madagascar; now cultivated throughout the tropics
Habitat: Planted as ornamental tree
IUCN status: Least concern
Uses: Ornamental. A leaf decoction presumably has anti-rheumatic effects. In eastern Nigeria the leaves are used traditionally for treating pain.
Key Characters: Gulmohar are trees with leaves bi-pinnate, alternate; rachis, pulvinate; pinnae 8-20 pairs, opposite; leaflet lamina oblong, margin entire. Flowers bisexual, crimson, in terminal or lateral corymbose panicles; calyx tube very short; lobes 5, valvate; petals 5, imbricate; margins fimbriate; upper petal dissimilar and white streaked with red and yellow; stamens 10, free; ovary half inferior , ovules many; style filiform; stigma truncate. Fruit a pod, woody.