Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.
Synonym                    : Erythrina monosperma Lam.
Family                        : Papilionoideae
Local Names              : Brahmavriksham, Chamatha, Flame of the forest
Flowering and fruiting period: March – April

Distribution: Tropical Asia
Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, also grown in the   Plains
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Endemic: No
Uses: Tannin source, Dye yielding, fire wood, Anti-helminthic. A powerful astringent, it is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and wounds. Nitrogen fixing, Wind break, culturally significant, Green manure, Timber Implements. The seeds contain around 18% oil called 'moodoga oil’, it is an effective treatment for hookworms. 
Key Characters: Flame of the forest is deciduous trees with bark grey to greyish-brown and exudation red. Leaves trifoliate, alternate; margin entire. Flowers bisexual, bright red; petals 5; stamens 9 + 1; stigma small. Fruit a pod, oblong, the base flat, wing-like; seed obovate, compressed.