Pterocarpus santalinus L.f.
Synonym                    : Lingoum santalinum (L.f.) Kuntze
Family                        : Papilionoideae
Local Names              : Raktha chandanam, Red sandal wood

Flowering and fruiting period: September – January 
Distribution: Peninsular India
Habitat: Cultivated
IUCN status: Endangered
Endemic: Yes
Uses: The heartwood is ground to a powder and used as a red food colouring in a range of foods. A paste of the wood is brewed as a tea in the treatment of chronic dysentery and is used to make a treatment for diabetes and as a boost for the immune system. The wood paste is applied externally as a cooling application to boils, inflammatory diseases of the skin, swollen limbs, ophthalmia, sore eyes and headache. Santalin, a red colouring material, is obtained from the dark red to black heartwood. The extracted oil is used as a rejuvenating face cream. The red, fragrant heartwood is used for furniture. The wood powder is used as a skin conditioner in commercial cosmetic preparations.
Key Characters: A small to medium-sized, deciduous tree with bark blackish-brown, yielding a deep red latex when cut; heartwood extremely hard, dark purple. Leaves usually imparipinnate, broadly ovate. Flowers yellow, borne a few together in simple or sparingly branched racemes; calyx teeth minute, deltoid. Fruit is a pod.