Bauhinia variegata L.
Synonym : Phanera variegata L.
Family : Caesalpinioideae
Local Names : Chuvanna Mantharam, Mountain ebony
Flowering and fruiting period: September – May
Distribution: Possibly native of China; wild in the sub Himalayan and India
Habitat: Cultivated as ornamental plant
IUCN status: Least Concern
Uses: Ornamental, Fruits edible, Young leaves edible, firewood, timber yielding, anti-helminthic.
Key Characters: Bauhinia variegata have dark brown bark. Leaf lamina is broader than long, witha medium cleft. Inflorescence is a pubescent raceme. Calyx tomentose, 5 toothed at the apex. Petals 5, with long rather broad claw, 4 petals pale purple and fifth darker with purple veins. Stamens 5, fertile, no staminodes. Ovary hairy; style long, stigma capitates. Fruit is a 10-15 seeded dehiscent pod.