Pterocarpus indicus Willd.
Synonym : Lingoum indicum (Willd.) Kuntze
Family : Papilionoideae
Local Names : Malayapaduk
Flowering and fruiting period: October – January
Distribution: South East Asia
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: The dried leaves are mixed with water and drunk daily as a treatment for headaches. An infusion of the young leaves is used in the treatment of constipation, stomach pains, fevers, asthma and mouth ulcers. The young leaves are applied externally to boils, prickly heat and ulcers. The root juice is used to treat syphilis. The bark is chewed by females with irregular periods in order to induce menstruation. An infusion of the dried bark is used in the treatment of pneumonia. A red dye is obtained from the bark. A source of kino. The leaf infusion is used as a shampoo. Wood - used for high class furniture.
Key Characters: A large, buttressed, semi-evergreen tree upto 36 m tall; bark light brown. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate; leaflets 5-11, alternate, ovate. Flowers golden yellow, borne in axillary panicles; calyx turbinate, minutely hairy, 5-toothed; corolla, exserted, petals 5, the standard orbicular or broadly ovate, rolled backwards, wings and keel petals 2 each. Fruit (pod) orbicular, rigid wing stalked at the base with a pointd style at one side, indehiscent; seeds 1-2.