Acacia chundra (Rottler) Willd.
Synonym : Mimosa sundra Roxb.
Family : Mimosoideae
Local Names : Karingali, Kannali, Cutch tree, Red Kutch
Flowering and fruiting period: July – August
Distribution: Peninsular India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar
Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: The bark is medicinal and used to cure diarrhoea. A combination of the bark and root boiled in water helps to bring down high blood pressure. Strong timber can be used for construction and agricultural implements. Wood is very hard; used for agricultural implements, rice pounders and as fuelwood.
Key Characters: Trees; to 8 m high; bark rusty brown; rough. Leaves bipinnate, alternate; stipular spines short, pulvinate; leaflets 30-60, opposite; lamina linear-oblong, margin entire, glabrous. Flowers yellowish-white, in axillary 1-3 clustered spikes shorter than leaves; calyx tube campanulate, 5-lobed, glabrous; corolla three times as long as calyx, lobes linear-lanceolate, glabrous; stamens many; ovary stipitate, falcate; style filiform; stigma small, terminal. Fruit a pod, flat, thin, strongly nerved, apically horned; suture wavy, depressed between seeds; seeds ovoid, greenish-brown.