Plumeria rubra L.
Synonym : Plumeria jamesonii Hook
Family : Apocynaceae
Local Names : Ezhachempakam, Pagoda tree, Temple tree
Flowering and fruiting period: November – April
Distribution: Native of Tropical America; widely naturalised elsewhere in the tropics
Habitat: Cultivated as ornamental plants
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Ornamental. It has anti-fertility, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective and antimicrobial activities. It has been used in the folk medicine systems of civilizations for the treatment however as abortifacient, drastic, purgative, blennorrhagia, used in toothache and for carious teeth
Key Characters: Plumeria rubra are deciduous trees. Leaves simple, alternate spiral, clustered; latex milky; lamina obovate-spathulate, apex acuminate or acute, margin entire. Flowers bisexual, in terminal corymbose stout cymes; calyx cupular; lobes 5; corolla, pink or cream with yellow centre; lobes 5, obovate; stamens 5, attached at the base of the tube, included; ovary globose; ovules many; stigma 2-lobed. Fruit an aggregate of 2 follicle; seeds winged.