Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre
Synonym : Michelia champaca L.
Family : Magnoliaceae
Local Names : Chembakam, Golden champa, Yellow champa
Flowering and fruiting period: March – July
Distribution: Indo-Malaysia and China
Habitat: Evergreen forests, also grown as garden plant
IUCN status: Least concern
Uses: Remedy for eye disorders, headache, essential oil yielding, aphrodisiac, timber yielding, ornamental. The aromatic, bitter bark is sometimes used for the adulteration of cinnamon. The bark is used as a febrifuge. A decoction of the bark and leaves is given after childbirth. The flowers are used to treat leprosy.
Key Characters: Champak is an evergreen tree, bark surface grey with numerous pits. Leaves simple, alternate; lamina ovate, ovate-lanceolate, margin entire, wavy. Flowers bisexual, yellow or white, fragrant, axillary or terminal, solitary; perianth parts oblanceolate, fleshy; stamensnumerous; carpels many, superior. Fruit an aggregate of capsules, ovoid to ellipsoid.