Citharexylum spinosum L.
Synonym : Citharexylum cinereum L.
Family : Verbenaceae
Local Names : Parijatham, Fiddlewood tree, Spiny fiddlewood
Flowering and fruiting period: April – September
Distribution: Native of West Indies; introduced and naturalised in many other countries
Habitat: Grown as garden/avenue tree
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Ornamental, Timber yielding, Fiddlewood used to make sounding boards for musical instruments and cabinets
Key Characters: Citharexylum spinosum are shrubs or trees. Leaves decussate-opposite, alternate. Inflorescence axillary and terminal, recemiform, erect or drooping; flowers numerous, small, regular or somewhat zygomorphic. Calyx cupular or tubular, 5-lobed. Corolla white, infundibular, usually 5-lobed. Stamens 4, didynamous; the lower 2 forming staminodes. Ovary perfectly or imperfectly 4-loculed; ovule 1 in each locule; style terminal; stigma shortly 2-lobed. Fruit a drupe.