Elaeocarpus serratus L. var. serratus
Synonym : Elaeocarpus oblongus Gaertn.
Family : Elaeocarpaceae
Local Names : Bhadraksham, Kara, Wild Olive tree, Ceylon Olive
Flowering and fruiting period: April – September
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Fruits edible, antidiarrheal. The leaves are antirheumatic and an antidote to poisoning. The astringent fruits are used in the treatment of dysentery and diarrhoea.
Key Characters: Trees, to 20 m high, aerial roots on large buttresses; bark brown, mottled with grey. Leaves simple, alternate, elliptic-obovate, margin crenate-serrate. Flowers bisexual, white, in axillary racemes. Sepals 5, ovate, valvate. Petals 5, laciniate, inserted round the base of glandular disc. Stamens many, inserted between the glands on the disc. Ovary superior, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell. Fruit a drupe, green.