Tamarindus indica L.
Synonym : Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn.
Family : Caesalpinioideae
Local Names : Puli, Tamarind tree, Indian date
Flowering and fruiting period: September – April
Distribution: Native of Tropical Africa; introduced and widely grown in India and other parts of tropics
IUCN status: Least concern
Uses: Fruits edible. Syrup made from the ripe fruit is drunk in order to keep the digestive organs in good condition, and also as a remedy for coughs and chest colds. The fruit pulp may be used as a massage to treat rheumatism, as an acid refrigerant, a mild laxative and also to treat scurvy.
Key Characters: Tamarindus indica are trees with bark brown to brownish-black. Leaves paripinnate, alternate, leaflets, opposite, oblong, margin entire. Flowers bisexual, yellow with reddish-pink dots, in lax terminal racemes. Calyx; lobes 4, subequal, oblong, imbricate. Petals 3, outer one, rolled up, pink dotted, lateral 2, clawed, subequal, oblong, imbricate. Petals 3, outer one, rolled up, pink dotted, lateral 2, clawed, subequal, oblong-lanceolate, lower pair scaly. Stamens 9 monadelphous, only 3 fertile; anthers versatile; ovary half inferior, ovules many. Fruit a pod.