Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K.Schum.
Synonym : Ganitrus sphaerica Gaertn.
Family : Elaeocarpaceae
Local Names : Rudraksham, Utrasum-bead tree
Flowering and fruiting period: March - December
Distribution: North East India, Myanmar to Malaysia
Habitat: Grown as garden plant
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Fruits edible, seeds are valued as a remedy for blood pressure and heart ailments, fruit is used in the treatment of diseases of the head and epileptic fits, leaf sap is used to cure stomach-ache or pain in the chest and shoulders, hard seeds are made into a variety of commodities such as beads for rosaries, hatpins, buttons etc., they are used as sacred beads, known as 'rudraksha'.
Key Characters: Trees, to 30 m tall, often buttressed at base; young parts puberulous. Leaves alternate, oblong-lanceolate; petioles sharply margined, pubescent. Racemes axillary, drooping, glabrous. Flower-buds ovoid-conical; flowers white; pedicels hairy. Sepals linear-lanceolate. Petals white, oblong or obtriangular laciniate. Stamens 30-40. Ovary globose. Drupes globose, deep blue or purple and succulent when ripe, usually 5-loculed.