Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.
Synonym : Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn
Family : Combretaceae
Local Names : Thanni, Thannikka, Bedda nut tree
Flowering and fruiting period: December – January
Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: In traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine, Baheda is known as "Bibhitaki;" in its fruit form it is used in the popular Indian herbal rasayana treatment triphala. This species is used by some tribes in the Indian subcontinent for its mind-altering qualities - they smoke dried kernels. Too much of this can cause nausea and vomiting.
Key Characters: Deciduous trees, to 35 m high; bark surface blackish-grey, smooth. Leaves simple, opposite or alternate, clustered at the tip of branchlets, obovate, margin entire. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, in axillary spikes. Calyxtube lobes 5, cream, triangular. Petals absent. Ovary inferior, 1-celled; ovules 2 or 3, pendulous; stigma small. Fruit a drupe, obovoid, yellowish-brown; seed one, ellipsoid.