Briedelia retusa (L.) A. Juss.
Synonym : Clutia retusa L.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Local Names : Mulluvenga, Spinous kino tree
Flowering and fruiting period: August – December
Habitat: Semi-evergreen and deciduous forests, also in the plains
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Ayurvedic, drought tolerant. The plant is pungent, bitter, heating, useful in lumbago, hemiplegia; bark is good for the removal of urinary concretions (Ayurveda). Root and bark are valuable astringents. The bark is used as a liniment with gingelly oil in rheumatism. The ripe fruit is edible.
Key Characters: Briedelia retusa are deciduous trees bark greyish-brown; young trees armed with sharp thorns. Leaves simple, alternate, broadly elliptic, oblong, base round, margin entire, bright green and glabrous. Flowers unisexual; greenish-yellow, sessile, crowded in dense axillary or terminal. Male flowers: tepals 10, biseriate, valvate; stamens 5, monadelphous, anthers oblong; pistillode bifurcate; disc annular. Female flowers: tepals 10, biseriate, lanceolate, valvate; ovary half inferior, globose, 2-locular, ovules 2 in each cell; styles 2. Fruit a drupe, purplish-black.