Casuarina equisetifolia L.
Synonym : Casuarina litorea L.
Family : Casuarinaceae
Local Names : Kattadi, Chavakkamaram, Australian pine
Flowering and fruiting period: July – September
Distribution: Malay Islands, Australia, Pacific
IUCN status: Least concern
Uses: Extensively cultivated for fuel, erosion control, and as a windbreak, hedge plant, timber yielding, bonsai material
Key Characters: Dioecious trees, to 30 m high, bark brown, rough, peeling off in vertical strips. Leaves scaly alternating with the ribs of the upper node. Flowers in spikes; male flowers: in terminal spikes, pendulous, brown; tepals 2, lanceolate; stamen 1; anther oblong; female flowers: in axillary spikes, solitary or in pairs, condensed into an ovoid` cone', shortly stalked; tepals absent; ovary superior. Fruit a carpophores, ovoid; nutlets compressed; seeds winged.