Cocos nucifera L.
Synonym : Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze.
Family : Arecaceae
Local Names : Thengu, Shubaga, Coconut tree
Flowering and fruiting period: Throughout the year
Distribution: Cultivated throughout the tropics
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Nut edible, oil yielding, firewood, house making, remedy for urinary disorders .
Key Characters: Coconut trees are erect trees with annular petiolar scars. Leaves pinnatisect, 4-6 m long. Spadices interfoliar, panicled. Spathe oblong, woody. Flowers monoecious. Male flowers: often paired. Sepals ovate. Petals ovate, woody, yellowish-brown. Stamens 6; pistillode short, 3-fid. Female flowers, basal, globose. Perianth-lobes 6; woody; outer lobes broadly obovate. Ovary 3-celled; ovule 1 per cell; style short. Drupe ovoid or globose, trigonous; pericarp fibrous; endocarp stony. Seed coherent with the endocarp.