Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr.
Synonym : Diatoma brachiata Lour.
Family : Rhizophoraceae
Local Names : Vallabham, Fresh water mangrove
Flowering and fruiting period: December – May
Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Australia
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Timber yielding. The juice from the macerated leaves is used in the treatment of fevers. The pulverized bark is rubbed on the body in the treatment of smallpox. The leaves and bark are used in local medicine to treat septic poisoning and itch
Key Characters: Carallia brachiata are evergreen trees; bark is dark grey, corky, furrowed, Leaves simple, opposite, obovate , margin entire, glabrous and glossy. Flowers bisexual, cream coloured, sessile, small, in short, trichotomous axillary branching cymes, calyx tube campanulate, valvate; petals reddish, inserted on a crenulate disc; stamens 10-16, inserted with them on the disc; ovary half inferior; stigma 4-lobed. Fruit a drupe.