Millingtonia hortensis L.f.
Synonym : Bignonia suberosa Roxb.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Local Names : Akasaveppu, Maramalli, Tree Jasmine
Flowering and fruiting period: March – August
Distribution: South East Asia and Malaysia
Habitat: Grown as ornamental tree
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Ornamental tree. Flower buds are used in the treatment of asthma, sinusitis, cholagogue and tonic. The flowers are used in rituals. The flowers are added to tobacco for smoking as treatment for throat ailments. Stem also having great medicinal value using as lung tonic and cough diseases. Bark is used as a yellow dye. Leaves and roots of cork tree used as anti-asthmatic and antimicrobial activity. Whole plant show antipyretic, antitubercular, antimicrobial, larvicidal, antimutagenic, anticancer, antifungal properties.
Key Characters: Trees, to 15 m high; bark pale brown, corky. Leaves 2-3 pinnate, opposite; pinnae 11-17 pairs, opposite, imparipinnate; leaflets 3-5, opposite; lamina ovate or elliptic-ovate, margin entire or coarsely dentate-crenate. Flowers bisexual, white, in terminal corymbose panicles; calyx cupular, puberulous; lobes 5; corolla tube narrow, cylindric, throat wide; lobes 5; stamens 4, didynamous; anthers oblong; ovary superior, ovules many; style slender; stigma 2-lobed. Fruit an elongated capsule; seeds many, winged.