Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
Synonym : Bignonia tulipifera Schum.
Family : Bignoniaceae
Local Names : Thannirkayyamaram, Fountain tree, Scarlet bell tree
Flowering and fruiting period: November – May
Distribution: Native in Tropical Africa
Habitat: Planted as an avenue tree, also as shade tree in coffee plantations
IUCN status: Least concern
Uses: Bark and leaves have anti-bacterial properties, used in traditional medicine in Ghana to treat wounds and burns. Leaves reported to have anti-malarial action. Stem-bark decoctions exhibit blood sugar lowering action. Soft white wood used to make paper, drums and blacksmith's bellows. Seeds boiled to extract poison that is applied to arrowheads.
Key Characters: Spathodea campanulata are trees with bark smooth, light brownish-grey. Leaves imparipinnate, opposite, decussate; lamina elliptic-oblong, margin entire. Flowers bisexual, bright red, in terminal racemes; calyx, spathaceous, golden velutinous, recurved;. corolla tube bright reddish-orange without, yellowish within; stamens subequal; anthers large; staminodium small; ovary superior, ovate-oblong; stigma 2-lipped, lips flattened. Fruit a capsule, lanceolate-oblong, brownish-black, woody, seeds many, winged.