Hopea ponga (Dennst.) Mabb.
Synonym : Hopea wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Family : Dipterocarpaceae
Local Names : Kambakam, Thingam
Flowering and fruiting period: March – June
Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains in sacred groves
IUCN status: Endangered
Uses: Sacred Indian plant, Timber yielding. Root decoction taken orally for piles. Bark paste mixed with milk taken to minimize spreading of poison during snake bite
Key Characters: Hopea ponga are evergreen trees with bark dark grey, smooth, exfoliations large. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong or ovate, base rounded, or obtuse, apex acute. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-pink, in axillary unilateral drooping racemose panicles. Sepals 5, two outer sepals obtuse, larger than the 3 acute inner ones. Petals 5, ovate-lanceolate, pubescent. Stamens 10 or 15. Ovary superior, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; stylopodium glabrous. Fruit a nut, ovoid; calyx lobes expanded to forms wings.