Putranjiva roxburghii Wall.
Synonym : Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurusawa
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Local Names : Poothilanji, Puthrajeevi, Officinal Drypetes
Flowering and fruiting period: March – August
Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in sacred groves
IUCN status: Data Deficient
Uses: Anti-rheumatic, hedge plant. A decoction of leaves and fruit is taken for the treatment of liver complaints, colds, fevers and rheumatism. The hard, white seeds of the fruit are threaded into necklaces and also used for rosaries. An olive-brown, fixed oil is obtained from the seed. It is used for burning. The wood is sometimes used for construction, turnery, tool handles.
Key Characters: Trees, to 20 m high, bark dark grey. Leaves simple, alternate; lamina elliptic-oblong; margin serrate. Flowers unisexual, small, yellow; male flowers: sessile, in axillary spikes; tepals 3-5, oblong, imbricate; stamens 2-4; female flowers: solitary or in 2 or 3, axillary; tepals 5-6; ovary superior, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell. Fruit a drupe, ovoid-ellipsoid, white tomentose; seed one.