Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.

Synonym                    : Ailanthus wightii Tiegh.

Family                        : Simaroubaceae
Local Names              : Matti, Peerumaram, Tree of Heaven
Flowering and fruiting period: December – July 

Distribution: Indo-Malaysia
Habitat: Planted in the plains
IUCN status: Data deficient
Endemic: No
Uses: Fruits edible, Young leaf, stem edible. The bark is febrifuge and tonic. It is used as a treatment against asthma, bronchitis and dysentery. The leaves and bark are in good repute as a tonic that is used after labour. The juice of the leaves and fresh bark is used as a remedy for after-pains
 Key Characters: Trees, to 25 m high, bark light greyish-brown. Leaves pari or imparipinnate, alternate; leaflets 13-29, subopposite; lamina very variable in shape, margin irregularly and coarsely dentate. Flowers polygamous, yellowish, in subterminal panicles, emits foetid smell; male flowers: sepals 5, ovate; petals 5, ovate-lanceolate; stamens 10, inserted at the base disc; bisexual flowers: sepals, petals and disc as in male flowers; stamens 2 or 3; ovary 2-5, superior, ovule 1 in each cell; stigmas curling. Fruit a samara, copper red, twisted at base.